Basalt plastic properties under climatic aging conditions


  • Aleksei Nikolaievich Blaznov Institute of Chemical and Energy Technology Problems, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Altai State Technical University named after I.I. Polzunov
  • Viktor Borisovich Markin Altai State Technical University named after I.I. Polzunov
  • Anatoliy Sergeievich Krotov Institute of Chemical and Energy Technology Problems, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Viacheslav Viktorovich Firsov Institute of Chemical and Energy Technology Problems, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Nikolai Valerievich Bychin Institute of Chemical and Energy Technology Problems, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Zakhar Germanovich Sakoshev Institute of Chemical and Energy Technology Problems, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences


unidirectional basalt plastics, climatic aging, mechanical properties, longitudinal bending, glass transition temperature, differential scanning calorimetry, surface photomicrography, digital processing


The paper presents results of climatic tests of unidirectional basalt plastics after curing in GRONLAND climatic chamber at 60 ºС and 100% humidity for 1, 2, and 3 months. The mechanical properties do not change in the first month, but after the second and third months of exposure elasticity modulo of samples increases by 6-10%, ultimate strain decreases by 5-7%, strength sees almost no change. The results of thermomechanical research using differential scanning calorimetry show the gradual increase of temperature of glass transition of samples from 124.4 °С (1 month) up to 125.8 °С (2 months) and 126.4 °С (3 months). It means that the binder is additionally polymerized in the temperature and humidity conditions of the climatic chamber. After the digital processing of photomicrographs of samples' surfaces, we have established a qualitative correlation between the change in properties and the surface condition.


Startsev V.O. Climatic stability of polymer composite materials and protective coatings in a moderately warm climate: abstract of dis. ... Doctor of Technical Sciences. 05.16.09. M. 2018. 48 p. (in Russian).

Kablov E.N., Startsev O.V., Krotov A.S., Kirillov V.N. Climatic aging of composite materials for aviation purposes. III. Significant factors of aging. Defor-mation and destruction of materials. Deformatsiya i razrusheniye materialov. 2011. N 1. P. 34-40. (in Rus-sian).

Startsev O.V., Erofeev V.T., Selyaev V. P. Climatic tests of building materials: monograph. M.: Publishing house ASV. 2017. 558 p. (in Russian).

Startsev O.V., Blaznov A.N., Petrov M.G., Atyasova E.V. A Study of the Durability of Polymer Composites un-der Static Loads. Polymer Science, Series D. 2019. V. 12. N 4. Р. 440–448.

Blaznov A.N., Zimin D.E., Anisimov E.E., Sinitsin A.V., Zhurkovsky M.E. Study of the durability of compo-sites under the influence of load and high humidity. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzhia. 2018. N 11. P. 98-101. (in Russian).

Blaznov A.N., Krotov A.S., Zhurkovsky M.E., Zimin D.E., Samoylenko V.V., Firsov V.V. Moisture diffusion in basalt plastics. Polzunovskiy vestnik. 2019. N 4. P. 95-100. (in Russian).

Startsev O.V., Medvedev I.M., Krotov A.S., Panin S.V. Dependence of the surface temperature of samples on the characteristics of the climate during exposure in natural conditions. Korroziya: materialy i zashchita. 2013. N 7. P. 43-47. (in Russian).

Blaznov A.N., Krotov A.S., Markin V.B., Firsov V.V., Zhurkovsky M.E., Bychin N.V., Sakoshev Z.G. Chang-es in the physical-mechanical and thermomechanical properties of basalt plastics as a result of climatic ag-ing. Yuzhno-Sibirskiy nauchnyy vestnik. 2019. N 3(27). P. 116-120. (in Russian).

Noamen Guermazi, Amira Ben Tarjem, Imen Ksouri. On the durability of FRP composites for aircraft struc-tures in hygrothermal conditioning. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2016, V. 85. P. 294-304.

Kootsookos A., Mouritz A.P., John N.A. St. Сomparison of the seawater durability of carbon- and glass-polymer composites. URL:

Diène Ndiaye, Elisabeth Fanton, Sandrine Morlat-Therias. Durability of wood polymer composites: 1. Influence of wood on the photochemical properties. Composites Science and Technology. 2010. N 68 (13). Р. 2779.

Demkowicz, Mackenzie. Environmental Durability of Hybrid Braided Polymer Matrix Composites for In-frastructure Applications (2011). URL:

Jun Wang, Hota GangaRao, Ruifeng Liang et al. Dura-bility of glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites under the combined effects of moisture and sus-tained loads. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Compo-sites. 2015. V. 34. Р. 1739-1754.

Jaehyeuk Jeon, Anastasia Muliana, Valeria La Sa-ponara. Thermal stress and deformation analyses in fiber reinforced polymer composites undergoing heat conduction and mechanical loading. Composite Struc-tures. 2014. V. 111. P. 31-44.

Abdel-Hamid Ismail Mourad, A mir Hussain Idrisi, Maria Christina Wrage. Long-term durability of thermoset composites in seawater environment. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2019. V. 168. Р. 243-253.

Yucheng Zhong, Mingyang Cheng, Xin Zhang et al. Hygrothermal durability of glass and carbon fiber re-inforced composites – A comparative study. Composite Structures. 2019. V. 211. P. 134-143.

Moyeenuddin Ahmad Sawpan, Abdullah A. Mamun, Peter G. Holdsworth. Long term durability of pultrud-ed polymer composite rebar in concrete environ-ment. Materials & Design. 2014. V. 57. P. 616-624.

Ahmed H. Ali, Hamdy M. Mohamed, Brahim Benmokrane. Durability performance and long-term prediction models of sand-coated basalt FRP bars. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2019. V. 157. P. 248-258.

Startsev V.O., Lebedev M.P., Frolov A.S. Influence of climatic influence on fractography of destruction of epoxy polymers. Plasticheskiye massy. 2018. N 11. P. 36-41. (in Russian).

Startsev V.O., Lebedev M.P., Frolov A.S., Nizina T.A. Interrelation of deformability and fractographic characteristics of the fracture surfaces of epoxy pol-ymers. Doklady Akademii Nauk. 2017. V. 476. N 1. P. 55-58. (in Russian).

Startsev V.O., Molokov M.V., Startsev O.V., Nizin D. R. Influence of the aliphatic solvent ETAL-1 on the cli-matic stability of epoxy polymers based on ED-20 res-in. Vse materialy. Entsiklopedicheskiy spravochnik. 2016. N 12. P. 26-36. (in Russian).

Startsev V.O., Nizina T.A., Startsev O.V. Color criteri-on of climatic aging of an epoxy polymer. Plasticheski-ye massy. 2015. N 7. P. 45-47. (in Russian).

Panin S.V., Startsev O.V., Krotov A.S., Medvedev I.M., Frolov A.S. Corrosion and aging of the surface of structural materials according to 3D microscopy data. Trudy VIAM. 2014. N 12. P. 12. (in Russian).

Startsev V.O., Lebedev M.P., Khrulev K.A., Molokov M.V., Frolov A.S., Nizina T.A. Effect of outdoor expo-sure on the moisture diffusion and mechanical prop-erties of epoxy polymers. Polymer Testing. 2018. V. 65. P. 281-296.

Blaznov A.N., Krotov A.S., Markin V.B., Firsov V.V., Zhurkovsky M.E., Bychin N.V., Sakoshev Z.G. Express analysis of photomicrographs of basalt plastic sam-ples in the initial state and after climatic aging. Yu-zhno-Sibirskiy nauchnyy vestnik. 2019. N 3(27). P. 108-115. (in Russian).

Blaznov A.N., Atyasova E.V., Shundrina I.K., Samoilenko V.V., Firsov V.V., Zubkov A.S. Thermo-mechanical characterization of BFRP and GFRP with different degree of conversion. Polymer Testing. 2017. V. 60. P. 49-57.

Samoylenko V.V., Blaznov A.N., Firsov V.V., Zimin D.E., Khodakova N.N., Uglova T.K. Patent of the Rus-sian Federation N 2597811. 2016. (in Russian).

Zhurkovsky M.E., Sakoshev Z.G., Blaznov A.N., Zimin D.E., Firsov V.V., Samoylenko V.V., Khodakova N.N. Investigation of mechanical properties of winding hybrid polymer composite materials. Yuzhno-Sibirskiy nauchnyy vestnik. 2018. N 3(23). P. 39-43. (in Russian).

Blaznov A.N., Savin V.F., Volkov Yu.P., Rudolf A.Ya., Startsev O.V., Tikhonov V.B. Methods of mechanical testing of composite rods: monograph. Biysk: Publish-ing House of Alt. state Technical University,. 2011. 314 p. (in Russian).

Rudolf A.Ya., Pozdeev S.P., Savin V.F., Lugovoy A.N., Blaznov A.N., Startsev O.V., Tikhonov V.B., Loktev M.Yu. Patent of the Russian Federation N 2451281. 2012. (in Russian).

GOST R 55135-2012 (ISO 11357-2: 1999). Plastics. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Part 2. De-termination of the glass transition temperature. (in Russian).

Startsev O.V., Perepechko I.I., Startseva L.T., Mashinskaya G.P. Structural changes in plasticized mesh epoxy polymer. Vysokomolekulyarnyye soyedineni-ya. Seriya B. 1983. V. 25. N 6. P. 457-461. (in Russian).

Startseva L.T., Panin S.V., Startsev O.V., Krotov A.S. Moisture diffusion in glass-fiber-reinforced plastics after their climatic ageing. Doklady Physical Chemistry. 2014. V. 456. N 1. P. 77-81.




How to Cite

Blaznov, A. N., Markin, V. B., Krotov, A. S., Firsov, V. V. ., Bychin, N. V. and Sakoshev , Z. G. . (2021) “Basalt plastic properties under climatic aging conditions”, Smart Composite in Construction, 2(1), pp. 29-39. Available at: (Accessed: 21June2021).